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The Excitement of Three-Part Phrasal Verbs



 Popular music can teach you a lot about the English language.



You may not realize it, but musicians are actually teaching you about
English grammar in each song they perform.



Consider this song by the famous reggae artist Bob Marley. It tells about
the need for equality and justice:



Get up, stand up. Stand up for your rights

Get up, stand up. Dont give up the fight



This song is called Get Up, Stand Up. It shows you how to use the
three-part phrasal verb, "stand up for." "To stand up for"
means "to defend (someone or something) with words.



Today, we explore three-part phrasal verbs idiomatic expressions
that can be difficult for students of English to understand.



What are phrasal verbs?



As you may remember from other Everyday Grammar programs, a phrasal verb is a verb with two or more words. Most phrasal verbs contain just two
words: a verb and a preposition, such as look up, which means to research
or to search for. Look is the verb and up is the preposition.



Note that look and up are words with literal meanings. In some
situations, you would use the literal meaning of look and up. For example,
you can say, When I looked up, I saw a beautiful bird. In that sentence,
look means to direct your eyes to a specific direction and up means
toward the sky or top of the room.



But, when used as a phrasal verb, look up becomes idiomatic, which means
you cannot understand their meaning from the individual meanings of the
separate words. Instead, when the words are put together as phrasal verbs, they
mean something else.



While many phrasal verbs consist of just two words, there are
several that have three words. Three-part phrasal verbs have a verb and two
particles. A particle is a word that must appear with another word to
communicate meaning:



Three-part phrasal verb = verb + particle + particle

Three-part phrasal verb = stand + up + for



In Bob Marleys song, the main verb stand has two particles: up and
for. When these three words are combined, they become a three-part phrasal
verb.



Here is an easy way to remember how to use three-part phrasal verbs: all
three words always appear together, and the order of the three words never
changes.



So, although using these verbs may seem daunting at first, do not
fear! If you learn the most common ones, you will be able to recognize them and
use them yourself.



Why do we use three-part phrasal verbs?



Three-part phrasal verbs are important if you want to express yourself in
English in the most natural way possible.



You can use many of these verbs in both casual and formal
English.



For example, The meeting lasted three hours. Now, I need to catch up on
my work. To catch up on is both casual and formal. It means to do something
you have not had time to do earlier.



But, some three-part phrasal verbs are more common in casual English than
in formal, written English. Listen for a three-part phrasal verb in this song
by the blues singer B.B. King:



Oh, I'm sorry for you baby

But you know I just can't put up with you



This song, called Get These Blues Off Me, uses the verb to put up with,
which means to tolerate or accept something unpleasant.



Three-part phrasal verb = verb + particle + particle

Three-part phrasal verb = put + up + with



In English, many songs about love, or love lost, use the verb to put up
with. But you probably would not use this verb in formal situations. For
example, if you reported your noisy neighbors to police, you might want to
avoid saying, I have put up with the noise for a long time. Instead, you
might say, I have tolerated the noise for a long time.



How often do we use three-part phrasal verbs?



In social, personal, and professional communication, three-part phrasal
verbs are often the most natural and least wordy choice. That is why we
use these verbs every day.



For example, when we have not seen friends or family members for a long
time, we want to catch up with them. We want to learn about the new things
happening in their lives.



Note the similarity between catch up with and catch up on. Yet the
meanings are different. Changing any word of a three-part phrasal verb creates
a new meaning.



A work situation where you might use a three-part phrasal verb is when you run
out of
time. In the workplace, you can also run out of ideas or supplies.
To run out of means to have used all of something.



Speaking of running out of time, we are almost out of time for this program.
So here are three ideas to help you with three-part phrasal verbs.



Tip #1



The first thing to remember is that these verbs are inseparable,
meaning that the three words cannot be separated by an object or any
other part of speech. Bob Marley did not say, Stand up your rights for or
Stand your rights up for. And, as we noted earlier, the words will always
appear in the same order: Bob Marley also did not say, Stand for up
your rights.



Tip #2



Changing any part of three-part phrasal verbs changes their meanings.
Remember that the verbs catch up with and catch up on do not mean the same
thing.



Tip #3



Now, a final point: The examples we have used today are from American
English. Many of these verbs are the same in British English and other forms of
English. But remember that some of them may have a different meaning or may not
be used at all outside of the United States.



Three-part phrasal verbs can be difficult to understand, but learning and
using them will make your speaking and writing sound realistic and natural.



 __________________________________________________________________



Words in This Story



grammar n. the set of rules that explain how words are used in a language



idiomatic adj.
an expression that cannot be understood from the meanings of its separate words
but has a separate meaning of its own



consist v.
to have (something) as an essential or main part



literal n.
involving the common or usual meaning of a word



daunting adj.
making people frightened or less sure of themselves; very difficult to do or
deal with



casual adj.
designed for or permitting normal behavior or clothing; opposite of formal



formal adj.
requiring or using serious and correct behavior or clothing



wordy adj.
using or containing too many words



tolerate v.
to let (something that is bad or unpleasant) to exist, happen, or be done



 



 





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