Anna: Today, Pete and I are meeting with a consultant who will help us with our new show. Yesterday, Pete had promised to meet me here at 8:00 am. but he did not come on time.
Prof Bot: Uh-oh. It’s bad to be late for a business meeting. But
while we wait for Pete, let’s talk about a new verb tense -- past
perfect! You know the past tense, right? Like, "Pete promised to meet me
here at 8:00 a.m." Past perfect is a little different. When we talk
about two things in the past, we can use the past perfect for the first event. Put "had" before the past participle. "Pete had promised he would meet Anna." Here's your assignment: find sentences with the past perfect tense. Remember, look for "had!"
Kelly: You two are late -- exactly 43 minutes late! What happened?
Anna: He had to get his "special" coffee -- SPECIAL coffee!
Pete: She had to feed her birds -- HER birds!
Kelly: Okay, I can see already that you need my help. You can’t both
talk at the same time. You have to take turns. Alright, Anna, you go
Anna: Sure. Kelly, see, Pete and I live in the same building. So, we
decided to meet at 8:00 a.m. - 8:00 a.m. to come to work together. I had
waited 15 minutes when Pete arrived!
Anna: After Pete had wasted time waiting for coffee, we were late. I left you a message.*
Kelly: Hum. I didn’t get that message.
Anna: Oh. Sorry.
Prof. Bot: Anna left a message. That’s the right thing to do. Did you
find some examples of the past perfect sentences? I did. Anna said,
Anna: "After Pete had wasted time waiting for coffee, we were late.
Look at that coffee! It looks more like dessert! Okay, keep watching for past perfect!
Pete: Yeah, that’s not why we’re late. This is why we’re late: I had
arrived on time at 8:00 a.m. but didn’t see Anna. She was standing
behind a tree. I think she was hugging it. I always walk to work. But she said that would take too long and that a scooter would be much faster. It was awful. I hated it. And it added too much time to our commute!
Then Anna stopped by a pond to feed the birds. She had named them after characters from books and yelled the names out loud … Romeo! Juliet! Sherlock!
By the time she had fed all the birds, we were late.
Kelly: This is what I think. You two see the same event very differently. Does this happen often with you two?
Kelly: Okay. This is good. This is good! It’s good to see things
differently. I have an idea: we will call the show "He Said, She Said."
For every story, you tell a different point of view.
Anna: That is a great idea, Kelly! Pete, we are different. That’s why I thought of you for this job!
Kelly: I think you two understand perfectly.
Anna: Let’s get to work!
Kelly: She named the birds? Really?
* Business people in the U.S. think you should come to a meeting at
the exact time. If you are late to a business appointment, you should
call and explain why.
commute - v. to travel regularly to and from a place and especially between where you live and where you work
consultant - n. a person who gives professional advice or services to companies for a fee
event- n. something (especially something important or notable) that happens
exactly - adv. used to stress that something is accurate, complete, or correct
hug - v. to put your arms around someone especially as a way of showing love or friendship
point of view - n. a way of looking at or thinking about something
pond - n. an area of water that is surrounded by land and that is smaller than a lake
promise - v. a statement telling someone that you will definitely do something or that something will definitely happen in the future
scooter - n. a child's vehicle that is made of a narrow board with two small wheels attached
waste - v. to use (something valuable) in a way that is not necessary or effective
The learning strategy for this lesson is Monitor. As you use
English, you can check your understanding. Do you understand? If not,
what is the problem? You can also check how you write or speak. Are you
making sense? If not, what is the problem?
In this lesson, Anna monitored the time of her commute to
work. She knew that she and Pete were late. She called Kelly to tell
her. Later, Anna and Pete told Kelly the problem. Kelly monitored the different things that they said and had a great idea. They can have different ideas on their new show: "HeSaid - She Said!"
How about you? How do you monitor while you are speaking English? Write to us in the Comments section or send us an email.