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The Excitement of Three-Part Phrasal Verbs

Today, we explore three-part phrasal verbs idiomatic expressions that can be difficult for students of English to understand. What are phrasal verbs? As you may remember from other Everyday Grammar programs, a phrasal verb is a verb with two or more words. Most phrasal verbs contain just two words: a verb and a preposition, such as look up, which means to research or to search for. Look is the verb and up is the preposition. Note that look and up are words with literal meanings. In some situations, you would use the literal meaning of look and up. For example, you can say, When I looked up, I saw a beautiful bird. In that sentence, look means to direct your eyes to a specific direction and up means toward the sky or top of the room.

  


Common Patterns, Part Two

You might read this in an academic publication. This structure might not be the best choice for other situations writing an opinion piece in the newspaper or an email to your supervisor, for example. In those cases, it might be better to use more direct language. For example, you could write, "Here are the reasons why the theory of evolution has been a contentious topic" Or simply, "People have long debated the theory of evolution."

  


Common Patterns, Part One

The new school year is beginning in communities across the United States. Many students are busy at work in their new classes. Some are already thinking about all the homework they will face in the weeks to come. Schools often require students to read academic articles -- short or long reports about a class-related subject. Teachers also ask students to write book reports and research papers. Today on Everyday Grammar, we will explore two grammatical structures that you will see often in academic writing. We will show you how to use these structures. We also will show you when not to use them.

  


Starting Sentences With Conjunctions

The film Finding Forrester tells a story of a high school student who becomes friends with a famous writer named William Forrester. Forrester published a single book, then withdrew from public life. Forrester teaches the student about writing. In one scene, he gives this piece of advice: "You should never start a sentence with a conjunction It's a firm rule."

  


Reported Speech and the 'Historic Present' Tense

The 2008 film, The Dark Knight, tells the story of Batman, a fictional superhero. At one point in the movie, Batman's enemy, the Joker, says the following lines: My father was a drinker and a fiend. And one night, he goes off crazier than usual He turns to me, and he says: 'Why so serious?' Today's report is not about violent stories. Nor is it about superheroes. Instead, it is about reported speech. You will learn how Americans report speech in everyday situations. You will learn about different verb tenses speakers use to report speech. So, what is the link between the Joker's lines and reported speech? We will tell you, but first we must give you some definitions.

  


Three-Part Phrasal Verbs



  


Are You Afraid of Adjectives and Prepositions?

The 2007 film No Country for Old Men tells the story of a lawman in West Texas. Actor Tommy Lee Jones played the part of the lawman. If you saw the movie, you might remember when he spoke these lines: "The crime you see now, it's hard to even take its measure. It's not that I'm afraid of it. I always knew you had to be willing to die to even do this job." Our report today is not about crime. Instead, it is about one grammatical structure you just heard: an adjective + preposition combination. Jones used it when he said, "afraid of."

  


Verbs and Gerunds in Speech and Fiction Writing

 Today, we are going to examine the grammar behind the song's famous words. Specifically, we will talk about verb + gerund structures. "Stop believing" is one example of this kind of structure. Ge

  


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